ECJ: AIRBNB – No decisive influence.

AIRBNB – No decisive influence. Airbnb Ireland cannot be regarded as forming an integral part of an overall service, the main component of which is the provision of accommodation. The rules for the functioning of an intermediation service such as the one provided by Airbnb cannot be equated to those of the intermediation service which…

Online platforms: Commission sets new standards on transparency and fairness

European Commission – Press release Online platforms: Commission sets new standards on transparency and fairness Brussels, 26 April 2018 Today, the European Commission is proposing new rules for the online platforms providing small businesses with a safety net in the digital economy. The new rules will improve the functioning of the Digital Single Market and…

ILO – Job quality in the platform economy

The “platform economy” emerged in the early 2000s alongside the growth of the Internet, providing opportunities for the production and delivery of a range of services delivered through online marketplaces (platforms). Digital labour platforms take a variety of forms, although it is useful to distinguish between crowdwork and work on demand via apps (De Stefano,…

The collaborative economy and taxation

A relatively recent phenomenon, the collaborative economy has become mainstream in a decade in some areas of activities, such as car-sharing or short-term lets. Although it is now a well-known term – with alternative names from the ‘sharing’ to ‘gig’ to ‘peer-to-peer’ economy – it remains difficult to grasp precisely, beyond the central feature that…

UberPOP – is it an information society service? – According to Advocate General Szpunar, Member States may prohibit and punish, as a matter of criminal law, the illegal exercise of transport activities in the context of the UberPop service, without notifying the Commission of the draft law in advance

Court of Justice of the European Union PRESS RELEASE No 72/17 Luxembourg, 4 July 2017 Advocate General’s Opinion in Case C-320/16 Uber France SAS   The French company Uber France operates an electronic platform which enables users, with the aid of a smartphone equipped with the corresponding application, to order urban transport services in the…

Sharing economy: Parliament calls for clear EU guidelines – Risoluzione del Parlamento europeo del 15 giugno 2017 su un’agenda europea per l’economia collaborativa

Sharing economy: Parliament calls for clear EU guidelines  Ensure consumer protection, workers’ rights, tax obligations and fair competition Need for clear and balanced EU strategy 17% of EU consumers have used collaborative platforms       Parliament stressed the need to address regulatory grey areas that cause significant differences in the Member States’ national and…

The European Collaborative Economy: A research agenda for policy support

Abstract Collaborative Economy became the buzzword used to refer to all kinds of online platform based business models in the recent years. Yet there is no consensus on a working definition for these platforms and robust evidence is lacking on their costs and benefits to society – a precondition for good policy. To foster a…

Collaborative Economy – Study of the IMCO Committee (2017)

Abstract This proceedings summaries the workshop chaired by MEP Nicola DANTI on collaborative economy. The workshop is a part of the overall work done within the European Parliament in order to deal with this new form of economy in the context of the Single Market. This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the…

DRAFT REPORT on a European Agenda on the Collaborative Economy

Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Rapporteur: Nicola Danti “The Rapporteur recognises the important opportunities and benefits of the collaborative economy for the society and economy; at the same time, he is attentive to the potential challenges and is especially concerned by the possible risk of fragmentation of the Single Market while large…